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Grattan Institute

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No time to waste’: getting Australian homes off gas crucial for meeting net zero targets, report says

Grattan Institute analysis recommends governments help households transition to electric, and ban new gas connections for homes and businessesGetting households off gas for heating and cooking would cut energy bills and improve people’s health, and is necessary for Australia to have any hope of reaching net zero greenhouse emissions by 2050, a new analysis says. The report by the Grattan Institute, a Melbourne-based thinktank, called on state and territory governments to set dates for the end of gas use and launch campaigns to encourage and help households become “all electric”, running on renewable energy. It recommended governments also ban new gas connections for homes, shops and small businesses and set dates to phase out the sale of gas appliances and by which rental homes have to be fitted with electric cooktops and water and home heating systems. The report said the transition to running on electricity will be challenging – about 5m homes across the country use gas. In Victoria, the most gas-reliant state, getting off the fossil fuel by 2050 would require an additional 200 households to get off it every day until then. But it said the cost and health benefits would be significant. It recommended governments pay for upgrades to social, community and Indigenous housing and for a limited period offer low-interest loans and tax incentives for other households and landlords. Tony Wood, the lead author of the report, said there was “no time to waste”. “There will be costs to the great energy transition, and governments will need to decide who pays, how much, and when,” he said. “But we must do this for our hip pockets, our health and our environment.” The report said it currently usually costs more to buy an electric appliance than a gas equivalent, but electric options were more efficient and cheaper to run. The lower running costs of efficient electric appliances allowed households to recover more than the upfront cost over the lifespan of an appliance in nearly all cases. Exceptions were for some homes in Western Australia, where gas is much cheaper than in eastern states, and for households that bought cheap, inefficient electric appliances. On health, the report cited studies that found gas stoves released nitrogen dioxide and tiny PM2.5 particles that irritate lungs and have been linked to substantially higher asthma levels in children. Gas stoves may leak particles even when not in use, it said. The report comes as the gas lobbying group, the Australian Petroleum Production and Exploration Association, has launched a national advertising campaign to bolster gas use, claiming it is fb-messenger://share?link=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.theguardian.com%2Fenvironment%2F2023%2Fjun%2F19%2Faustralian-homes-gas-net-zero-targets-report%3FCMP%3Dshare_btn_me&app_id=180444840287

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  • Komu Daniel

    52 w

    this is amazing of australia

    5
    • Kevin

      52 w

      Lets hope for full implementation of this ,otherwise it remains a great plan

      1
      • Tabitha Kimani

        52 w

        Government interventions in various measures are required in order to accelerate transition to sustainable and healthy energy systems.

        2
        • Elizabeth Gathigia

          52 w

          This is great transitioning to electric energy is the way

          2
          • Mc Kaka

            52 w

            These are great strides, if it'll be fully executed

            11
            • Joyce Waturu

              52 w

              This is a salient step since it'll not only reduce the cost of living for the Australians but also most importantly it'll ensure a significant decarbonization milestone is achieved since natural gas isn't green at all.

              11
              • Joseph Githinji

                52 w

                This are great findings, the cost of transition from gast to electric energy is worth it.

                4
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