Since the Paris Agreement on climate change, where the whole world decided to lead efforts to reduce emissions to 1.5°C, it should be noted that the lines have not been able to move in adaptation and mitigation actions. Thus the world remains in a lethargy where we live from day to day with ecocides. The major challenges in the fight against climate change remain, in a global way, the implementation of decisions on loss and damage. Nationally, it is a question of seeing and evaluating NDCs that governments have committed to implement. Locally, the issue comes down to achieving the objectives of the different tools of the trilogy of actions (climate change, disaster risk and sustainable development).
The main concern is for stakeholders to take ownership of the challenges that arise in their positioning in relation to the capture of these loss and damage funds, the contribution of each actor to take initiatives in adaptation and mitigation, and the systemic approaches to engage in the "no one behind" approach according to the Paris Agreement.