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Climate Action Network

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Stick on Climate Adaptation and Loss and Damage Finance.

CAN Africa COP 27 expectations "Call for ambition, solidarity and action." The 27th United Nations Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP27) will be in Sharm-el-Sheikh, Egypt, from November 6-18, 2022. COP27 on African soil is expected to focus on the urgent actions needed to address the growing impacts of climate change - particularly on front line communities in Africa and vulnerable countries around the world that have contributed the least to the global climate crisis but are bearing an overwhelming burden of climate impacts. This summit will again open in a context marked by a climate crisis at the continental level. Africa is the continent that has contributed the least to climate change. It is, however, the most affected by its devastating consequences. The impacts already observed on agricultural and livestock production, the stability of the ecosystems on which many communities live, water availability and ultimately food security, human health, lifestyles and cultures will only worsen. Some African countries already suffer irreversible losses, including human lives, forcing populations to migrate. The need for energy remains a significant need on the continent. According to Statista, Sub-Saharan Africa still has under 600 million people without access to energy. Since 2019, we have seen an increase in access but many still experience energy poverty. Those reliant on inefficient and deadly biomass burning, and energy access for both the poor and the productive small scale local industries often not grid-connected or with only erratic access. Without immediate and sustained action to reduce the impacts of climate change through universal energy access, it will undermine efforts to fight poverty and promote human rights, access to health and dignity, and the capacity for the development of the African continent. SDG target 7 – overcoming energy poverty by 2030 must remain a priority as its one of the largest economic hurdles in poorer countries in Africa. COP27 must be a turning point and respond decisively to the latest scientific data. The conclusions of the Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) of the IPCC Working Group II reaffirm that human-induced climate change has caused loss and damage to nature and people, including some irreversible losses. We have already reached Some limits to Adaptation, and States must adopt the measures needed in the short term to limit global warming to 1.5°C at the risk of experiencing irreversible dramatic consequences. In this sense, it must take concrete and tangible measures to implement the Paris Agreement and, in particular, provide better support to vulnerable developing countries to respond effectively to climate change. it is only about $US 35 billion annually to fully remove electricity poverty and provide basic services until 2030 worldwide, < 2% of global energy investments. As we build up to an "African COP" in Sharm El Sheikh, we want to see a bold new vision for Africa that puts climate impacts. But, first, loss and damage, finance, secure real commitments, and energy access and transition are at the heart of the discussions. . On Adaptation, it is imperative that COP 27 responds to the adaptation needs of the most vulnerable and poorest countries and thus guarantees their access to resilient development. The solution? Make Adaptation a pillar of the fight against climate change and financially support developing countries, especially the least developed ones. COP27 should be the "Adaptation COP" – the COP that will deliver agreement on an elaborated outline of elements concerning the scope, definition, progress review, communication, and reporting on the global goal of Adaptation. This embroidered outline of factors needs to be developed in 2022 for adoption at COP27 and subsequently fleshed out and provided with more detail through negotiations taking place in 2023, with a decision on the Global Goals on Adaptation to be adopted at COP28. In addition, COP27 must progress on galvanizing efforts on Adaptation and recognize that NAPs are a vehicle for mobile action and implementation. COP 27 should be the moment to follow up on the implementation of the call to developed countries to double the provision of climate finance for Adaptation to developing countries from 2019 levels by 2025 and provide a delivery plan that clarifies how we monitor funds. It would be instrumental in increasing predictability in funding for Adaptation. We must be careful to maintain balances with finance for mitigation. We need to secure a loss and damage finance facility in Egypt on Loss and Damage. Africa and vulnerable countries worldwide can no longer wait for multi-year dialogues when the needs are so urgent and clear. Loss and damage are already affecting people in Africa. Loss of lives and livelihoods because of extreme events, COP27 decision on this needs to recognize the apparent urgency of the problem. Finally, existing financial entities of the UNFCCC must receive explicit mandates to fund the activities related to Loss and Damage in vulnerable developing countries. The COP27 decision on this needs to recognize the apparent urgency of the problem and be clear on agreeing to concrete action within a short amount of time. COP27 should also work on data infrastructure and ensure that at the end of the COP27, the UNFCCC prepares a "Special Report on Loss and Damage" to enable it to become a key pillar or policy and investment instrument that will attract the needed support to help vulnerable countries to address loss and damage issues in their countries. On Climate Finance: Without additional, predictable public climate finance, the poorest countries will not be able to cope with the consequences of climate change, and the results will be unimaginable. COP27 should result in a clear call to developed countries to not only scale up annual financing .in the period 2022-2026, with a minimum of US$ 100bn per year, but to go beyond that $100bn figure given that the actual needs for mitigation, Adaptation, and loss and damage are far more significant. Furthermore, we must secure an accelerated implementation of the Climate Finance Delivery Plan. Just Energy Transition to 100% Renewable Energy: Renewable energies and energy efficiency allow us to fight against climate change and poverty. It is a priority for Africa, and it must be a priority for COP 27. Africa is responsible for only 0.5% of historical and less than 4% of current emissions. But with double-digit growth in many African economies and the population set to double to 2 billion by 2040, Africa's development choices will be decisive in the world's fight to keep to 1.5°C. As such, mitigation discussions cannot be limited to reducing existing emissions but must expand to include the massive potential to avoid future emissions with a just transition to 100% renewable energy. COP 27 can and must enable Africa to tap into this potential, move away from its dependence on fossil fuels and invest in renewable and energy-efficiency technologies and infrastructure. Furthermore, inefficient cooking might kill. In the global South, particularly Sub-Saharan Africa, families are still dependent on inefficient & unsustainable biomass use for cooking. While we have seen a decline of dependence on dirty biomass burning from approx. 3 billion to 2.5 billion in last 20 years, there are still up to 5 million premature deaths annually from indoor pollution[1]. COP 27 should prioritize access to sustainable, reliable and low-carbon energy services, particularly in Africa. The global community must endeavor to bring that number to zero (SDG) by 2030 based on an annual five-fold increase of the rate of removing people from using unsustainable cooking sources. Achieving this would require >50% of the fuels sourced for clean cooking from sustainable bioenergy, highly efficient wood/rocket stoves, biogas digesters and growingly electric cooking. The remainder could be from LPG primarily including a very small contribution (about 1%) of global CO2 emission by 2030, which is highly justified for reasons of decent livelihoods and health protection. This requires investments of annually $US 8 billion until 2030. 0.4% of global energy expenditure.

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