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Ulf Kristersson

Climate warning

Sweden: "nuclear power is the most expensive type of power" - The minister's nuclear power plans are questioned

The government's assessment of how many new nuclear power reactors Sweden should have is based on insufficient analyses. This is the opinion of energy researchers who question the outcome of ten new nuclear power plants. - There are no facts behind it, I want to claim, says Filip Johnsson at Chalmers University of Technology. Sweden needs to double electricity production by the year 2045, and then new nuclear power equivalent to ten conventional reactors is needed. Climate and Environment Minister Romina Pourmokhtari (L) stated this at a press conference last week. She did not want to answer how much effect that would correspond to when a reporter on the spot asked the question repeatedly. But based on the power in the Swedish reactors that exist today, it can be translated into new nuclear power corresponding to around 11,000 megawatts – in total, it will be more than a doubling of today's installed power. KTH researcher Lina Bertling Tjernberg, professor of power grids, advocates a technology-neutral portfolio of power types and sees nuclear power as a natural part of the energy transition both in Sweden and internationally. But the figure the government presented last week surprised her. Partly because of the scope, but above all that it was presented at all. How much we should have is not the main issue at the moment, she believes. - What we need is more knowledge about nuclear power. Questions about uranium mining, placement of nuclear power and the entire process around recycling and storage are interesting at the moment. It is this knowledge that can lead us forward, she says. No source or background to the figure was reported during the press conference, but the government office states when DN asks that it is based on a report that Swedish Business and Industry published last summer. The work on the report has been led by consultant Staffan Qvist. After it was published, representatives of Swedish wind energy, 100% renewable and the Nature Conservation Association criticized that several involved have "clear nuclear power connections" and that the analysis would be biased. They mention, among other things, Staffan Qvist's ownership in the Swedish nuclear power project Blykalla. Staffan Qvist declines to comment on the matter and refers to an earlier post in DN Debatt where he writes that it is about "some shares" in a company that develops a technology that is not included in the study. According to Lina Bertling Tjernberg, there are no good enough analyzes of this kind to draw well-founded conclusions about the amount of nuclear power needed for the future. - I haven't seen it so far anyway. Everyone is so incredibly angled in what they do. She emphasizes that by "everyone" she means both researchers and consultants as well as authorities and the business world. - There is not one actor who can do this. It must be both research, consultants, business and authorities that work together. Individually, they do not have all the knowledge needed and everyone, even authorities, have hidden agendas and opinions. There must be more actors in collaboration if you are to get away from it, says Lina Bertling Tjernberg. Filip Johnsson is a professor at Chalmers University of Technology specializing in energy systems. He believes that there is far too much that comes into play in how a future energy system is designed for someone 20 years in advance to be able to say how much is needed of a specific type of power. - It is very surprising that they put such a number on it. You can have an opinion, which is quite clear that they want more nuclear power, but it is not possible to say that we need ten reactors. There are no facts behind it, I want to claim, says Filip Johnsson. He believes that the statement is a way for the government to advance its positions on the nuclear power issue. In the past, there has been talk of legislative changes and a doubling of nuclear power. - Now there are ten large-scale reactors, then it is rather a tripling you are talking about, says Filip Johnsson. He emphasizes that he is not against nuclear power, but believes that a one-sided focus on it risks postponing electrification. - The industrial investments that are underway are largely driven by the idea that we have potentially cheap electricity in Sweden, but nuclear power is the most expensive type of power and it is, above all, in quite a hurry to get electricity. The risk is that this stops and becomes a wet blanket over other power types, says Filip Johnsson. Together with his colleague Lisa Göransson, he has recently published a report in which various conceivable energy mixes that can cover the expected need in 2050 are investigated. It speaks in a different direction than the government's message. https://www.dn.se/ekonomi/ministerns-karnkraftsutspel-ifragasatts/

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23 more agrees trigger contact with the recipient

  • Patrick Kiash

    44 w

    More analysis and thoughts are needed to play a big role that may led to a conclusive cover that Swedish government needs.

    10
    • Patrik Lobergh

      44 w

      @patrick_kiash The current Government will not change for the, better as they signed a deal with a rightwing party to decide the polices in the backrooms. Only when the Government is de-elected, this could change

      10
      • Patrick Kiash

        44 w

        @patrik_lobergh oh okay! That's quite sad! May then the power of many take charge!

        1
        • Patrik Lobergh

          44 w

          @patrick_kiash Yes, indeed

          1
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