Climate love
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We Don't Have Time.TV

Climate love

Timely webinar to fortify demand of citizens for cleaner air to breathe in cooler planet.

We Don’t Have Time (WDHT) TV and UNEP Climate and Clean Air Coalition jointly has hosted a webinar on removal of non-CO2 GHGs well in advance of the BIG COP in Brazil in 2030. Methane, Hydroflurocarbons, Nitrous Oxide and ground level Ozone are major non-CO2 GHGs (Green House Gases). Black Carbon or soot is solid particle which have serious health impacts, which also play a crucial role in governing earths energy balance. Removal of these substances from mitigation can fast forward overall global GHG mitigation drive. Global GHG emission can be halved by 2030. Global Warming Potentials (GWPs) of non-CO2GHGs like Hydroflurocarbons, Nitrous Oxide and ground level Ozone are high enough. GWP is a measure of potential of these substances to heat the atmosphere in comparison to same amount of CO2. GWP of methane is 30 means 1 ton of Methane traps as much heat in atmosphere as 30 tonnes of CO2 captures. Most of these non-CO2 GHGs stay in atmosphere for shorter period than CO2 and, therefore, GWP of these substances when considered over longer time period decline. However, removal of these substances, which are with higher heat capturing potential in short time span, shall help in bending the global temperature rise faster in near future.
Combustion of Fossil Fuels is the root cause of air pollution and Climate Change. These two crises are, therefore, frequently being dealt simultaneously for finding the way forwards. WDHT webcasted “Action for Climate and Clean Air – Policy”, Part 2 on 13.03.2024. Martina Otto, Head CCAC (Climate Change Air Coalition) Secretariat, UNEP, Heather Adir-Rohani, Unit Head, Energy and Health, World Health Organization (WHO), and senior officials from Brazil, Ghana and USA joined the discussion in the day two of the webinar on climate change and air pollution. The lively panel discussion on Day 2 was moderated by Nick Nuttall. Formulation of apt policies by Government is prerequisite for implementation of best science and technologies in field. Day 2 of 3 part-programme was on Government Policies. UNEP and WHO representatives indicated possible way forwards. The representatives of three nations shared policies, action programmes and success stories. This webcasting appears to be a modest beginning for resolving another long-standing mitigation challenge in context of climate change and air pollution.
Martina Otto, UNEP representative set the tone of discussion with appropriate balance of positivity and concerns. She expressed her concern because the specific programs for non-CO2 greenhouse gas removals are included in NDCs (Nationally Determined Contributions) of only 50% countries. Remaining nations are yet to commit for reduction of global non-CO2 emission. National Determined Contribution indicates how much GHG a country is going to reduce over a time period as part of their global commitment to combat climate change. It is now being estimated about 50% of global warming is caused by NonCO2 GHGs and removal of these substances shall decelerate the global temperature rise rapidly. Scientists are cautioning about crossing 1.5 deg C threshold. This call for urgent policy interventions by counties to meet reductions targets. Having the right policy for mitigations of non-CO2 GHGs is a crucial step to steer the removal processes in right direction. She hinted that business opportunities shall be unlocked with smart moves leading to removal of substances like Methane. She indicated that climate financing can be made available for mitigations of non-CO2 GHGs, if the countries prepare effective policies and plans. Removal of industrial methane emission can be profitable, while the frameworks are to be made more lucrative for encouraging the governments to adapt such non-CO2- GHG removal programmes. Waste is one of the sources of non-CO2 GHGs. Waste sector is usually managed by local Government. Enabling local government in better waste management helps in GHG reduction as well as in empowerment. Food waste, which is a major source of methane emission should be dealt with priority attention. Apparently, prevention of wasting of food by saving food in food bank is a good idea. But longer storage of food may compromise health and safety requirement. Alternatively, use of wasted food for energy generation can unlock new energy sources.
Heather Adair-Roheni, unit Head, WHO championed the need for collective actions involving environment, energy and health sector together. She highlighted that 7 million deaths are caused by air pollution every year and this cannot be allowed to continue. Air pollutants, which are emitted from combustion of fossil fuel burning vary widely in types and chemical compositions, which makes the process of air quality management a diverse and complex task. Methane, Nitrous Oxides, HFCs are few major non-CO2-GHGs. Each of these gases are emitted from different sources and need different control mechanisms. In response to the question from the moderator, she suggested that Fine Particulate matter can be taken as a surrogate pollutant. Fine Particulate may also have fingerprints of non-CO2 substances. Fine Particulates reach human lungs very easily and cause severe damages. Removal of fine particulates shall improve the overall air quality from human health perspectives. Constant persuasion resulted in active participation of 143 countries in climate and health programmes. Demand for better health from people shall drive the governments to subsidize renewables and to enjoy less polluted days. Channelization of money for health shall be helpful.
Kimber Scavo, Foreign Affairs Officer of state, US Department of State shared that USA has well-rounded policy for combating climate change and the air pollution. Energy, transport and environment are well covered in the US policies but there is still vast scope of improvement in land use policy. United State Environment Protection Agency (US EPA) has formulated methane removal policy in December 2023. Removal of fossil fuel combustion and Methane can address air pollution and climate change simultaneously. Stringent tail pipe emission norms are already in place. Country wide infrastructure has been created to popularize electric vehicles. Satisfactory progress in visible in electrification of transport which directly improves air quality. The policies and action plans are now missing out in areas, where behavioral changes can make a huge difference. Making healthy choices shall enable citizens to enjoy better health and sustaining business.US representative is hopeful that huge momentum has been generated in USA and with signing global Methane pledge, revision of national climate action plan in 2024, many more action pants points shall be included for removal of non-CO2-GHG emission. Redirecting fossil fuel subsidy for subsidizing renewables and non-CO2 removal shall add impetus in advancement in non-CO2 GHG removal.
Amazing advancement has been made in field of air quality and climate change in Ghana. Peter Dery, Ghana shared a few glimpses of those advancements. Emission tax, identification of emission sources for non-CO2 greenhouse gas removal are already a part of action plan in Ghana. Subsidy for fossil fuel has been stopped in Ghana. Conditions have been imposed for no flaring and no venting from oil and gas industries. 8.5 MW off renewable energy is a connected to grid. In remote locations mini grids run by renewable are being set up so that citizens can enjoy electric vehicles. Bio gas from compost plants, use of cleaner cookstoves, control of methane emissions from rice production are being tried to attract better finance. It is estimated that 24 million tonnes of CO2 can be removed from the atmosphere by private sector. Use of Article 6 of COP can open new avenues of financing for the private counterparts.
Bruno Brazil, Ministry of Agriculture, Brazil informed that Brazil has prepared sectoral policy to combat climate change in way back in 2010 for agriculture sector. This policy has provision for inoculation of Nitrogen by bacteria in the crop roots instead of application of fertilizer. Fertilizers causes emission of Nitrous Oxide (N2O), whose GWP is 298. Capturing Nitrogen by inoculation removes the possibilities of high GWP N2O emission. Inoculation process has been tried in 50 million acres of land. About 21 million tons of CO2 equivalent has been less emitted between 2010-2019. This endeavor is more praiseworthy because government has provided only loans and not subsidies, yet inoculation has been found to be 10 times cheaper. 70 billion U.S. dollar are saved between 2010-2019 through this inoculation techniques. He expressed hope that Brazil shall forge faster by signing global pledge for methane emission reduction. Inoculation in agriculture shall be strengthened more. However, in contrary to growing demand from sustainability scientists for drastic reduction in number of livestock, he believes that livestock need not to be reduced to cut off methane emission from Brazil. Productivity can be increased by providing appropriate food to the livestock and by ensuring timely mating. The objective should be feeding the population with more efficient product and not cutting of livestock.
Thirty-four years after historical Rio conference in 1992, Brazil in going to host COP in 2026.
Representatives of three nations, UNEP and WHO - all emphasized on positivity and collaborative actions with subsidizing cleaner and greener options. Good policy needs good funding. A recent study by MIT shows that Carbon tax is still a questionable process for a vast majority. Carbon Offset by Nature Based Solution, Climate Bonds, Conservation of peatlands can be a effective options but all needs clearer framework and understanding. Let us look forward to an intense part 3 session on moving the money for breathing fresh air in a less warmed planet on Marc 20, 2024.

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  • George Kariuki

    4 w

    It's encouraging to see global collaboration and policy discussions aimed at mitigating methane, hydroflurocarbons, nitrous oxide, and ground-level ozone emissions. Let's hope for continued momentum and concrete policy frameworks to support the transition to cleaner, greener alternatives.

    • Gorffly mokua

      4 w

      Great! Such webinars are vital in advocating for cleaner air and a cooler planet 💚👏

      • Rukia Ahmed Abdi

        4 w

        Wow. This is a must watch.WE DON'T HAVE TIME is always ahead of time😇🌲🌳🌴

        • Rashid Kamau

          4 w

          @rukia_ahmed_abdi Absolutely,time is of essence and we must all stand together to do the rightful matters to fight climate change.

          • Gorffly mokua

            4 w

            @rukia_ahmed_abdi Absolutely 👏✔

          Welcome, let's solve the climate crisis together
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